## Physics (Phys)

This discipline is in the Division of Science and Mathematics.

*Objectives—*The physics curriculum is designed to help
students understand physical science in the modern world, offers
a background in physics for students' preprofessional programs,
and provides a foundation for students planning graduate study
or careers in physics in industry, research, and teaching.

*Requirements for a Major* include Phys 1200, 1201, 1202
(or advanced placement); Phys 3050, 3051, 3210, 3502, 3550, 3551,
3650, 3651, 3710; and Math 1201-1202-1203, 3202, 3203. Honors
students may substitute Phys 3960H, 3961H, or 3962H for Phys 3710
with prior discipline approval. Required courses may not be taken
S-N. Up to 15 credits of coursework with the grade of D are allowed
to meet the major requirements if offset by an equivalent number
of credits of A or B.

*Requirements for a Minor* include Phys 1200, 1201, 1202
(or advanced placement); Phys 3050; Math 1201-1202-1203, 3203;
and 4 additional credits in 3xxx physics courses. Required courses
may not be taken S-N. Up to 10 credits of coursework with the
grade of D are allowed to meet the minor requirements if offset
by an equivalent number of credits of A or B.

*Requirements for Teacher Preparation—*Physics is part of
the requirement for licensure in physical science. For licensure,
students must acquire a high level of competency in physics or
chemistry. The physics emphasis is listed here; the chemistry
emphasis is listed in the chemistry section. Note that either
emphasis will satisfy the licensure requirement.

For the physics emphasis, students must complete Phys 1200, 1201,
1202, 3050, 3210, 3300, 3350, 3550; 5 additional credits of 3xxx
physics courses; Chem 1501, 1502, 3110, 3330, 3331; and 10 additional
credits of 3xxx chemistry courses, and required education courses
including methods (SciE 3940) and student teaching in physics.

The teaching minor in physics requires Phys 1200, 1201, 1202,
3050, two courses from Phys 1010, 3210, or 3350, and required
education courses including methods (SciE 3940) and student teaching
in physics. Early consultation with an adviser in physics is recommended.

**Phys 1010s. Astronomy. **(C2, E9-L; 5 cr; 5 hrs lect, 2 hrs
lab)

Motions of celestial objects; the solar system; telescopes and
other astronomical instruments; stars and their properties; the
life cycles of stars; and cosmology. Night viewing sessions required.

**Phys 1153f. Principles of Physics I. **(E9-L; 5 cr; prereq
high school algebra; 5 hrs lect, 2 hrs lab)

Introduction to physics without the use of calculus. Vectors,
kinematics, laws of motion, force, energy, thermal physics, fluid
flow, sound, hearing.

**Phys 1154w. Principles of Physics II. **(E9-L; 5 cr; prereq
1153; 5 hrs lect, 2 hrs lab)

Electricity, magnetism, nature of light, optics, vision, radioactivity.

**Phys 1200w. General Physics I (With Calculus).** (E9-L; 5
cr; prereq Math 1201 or #; 5 hrs lect and rec, 2 hrs lab)

Vectors, kinematics, laws of motion, circular motion, work-energy
theorem, conservation principles, rotational motion, simple harmonic
oscillations, gravitation, and fluid mechanics.

**Phys 1201s. General Physics II (With Calculus). **(E9-L;
5 cr; prereq 1200, Math 1202 or #; 5 hrs lect and rec, 2 hrs lab)

Coulomb's law, electric field, Gauss's law, electric potential,
capacitance, dielectrics, current, resistance, circuits, magnetic
field, Ampere's law, inductance, magnetic properties of matter,
Faraday's law, AC circuits, Maxwell's equations.

**Phys 1202f. General Physics III (With Calculus). **(E9-L;
5 cr; prereq 1201; 5 hrs lect and rec, 2 hrs lab)

Thermal properties of matter, kinetic theory, laws of thermodynamics,
wave phenomena, electromagnetic waves, nature of light, reflection,
refraction, optical instruments, interference, diffraction, spectra.

**Phys 3050w. Modern Physics I. **(5 cr; prereq 1202, Math
3203 or #; 4 hrs lect, 2 hrs lab)

Special relativity, quantum nature of matter and radiation, Bohr-Sommerfeld
atom, X-rays, duality, correspondence principle, uncertainty principle,
Schroedinger equation, hydrogen atom, electron spin, Pauli principle,
and periodic table.

**Phys 3051s. Modern Physics II. **(5 cr; prereq 3050; 4 hrs
lect, 2 hrs lab)

Quantum statistics and band theory of solids, molecular spectra,
radioactivity, nuclear reactions, nuclear instrumentation, fission
and fusion of nuclei, high energy physics, and elementary particles.

**Phys 3210w. Electronics I. **(5 cr; prereq 1202 or #; 4 hrs
lect, 3 hrs lab)

DC and AC circuits, pulses and Fourier analysis, diodes, transistors,
amplifiers, feedback, oscillators, and operational amplifiers
and their applications.

**Phys 3211s. Electronics II. **(5 cr; prereq 3210; 4 hrs lect,
3 hrs lab; not offered 1997-98)

Digital concepts, binary arithmetic, logic gates, flip-flops,
counters, registers, analog-digital conversion, and microprocessors.

**Phys 3300f. Thermodynamics. **(4 cr; prereq 1200, 1202 or
Chem 1303 or 1502, Math 1203; 4 hrs lect)

Same as Chem 3530. Classical thermodynamics: laws and functions.
Reversible and irreversible processes: applications to ideal and
real gases, blackbody radiation, magnetism, phase equilibrium
of pure substances, solutions and chemical equilibrium.

**Phys 3340s. Mathematical Methods in Physics. **(C2; 4 cr;
prereq 3050, Math 3203 or #; 4 hrs lect; not offered 1997-98)

Complex analytic functions, Taylor and Laurent series, calculus
of residues, Fourier series and integrals, series solutions of
differential equations, partial differential equations, special
functions, applications to physics.

**Phys 3350s. Optics. **(5 cr; prereq 1202, Math 3203 or #;
4 hrs lect, 2 hrs lab; not offered 1998-99)

Light as a wave phenomenon, Huygen's principle, interference,
diffraction—Fraunhoffer and Fresnel, polarization, electromagnetic
nature of light, dispersion, absorption and scattering, Fourier
optics and quantum optics.

**Phys 3502f. Quantum Mechanics. **(4 cr; prereq 3050; 4 hrs
lect)

Uncertainty principle, Schroedinger equation, commutation relations,
momentum space wave functions, Dirac notation, applications to
problems in one dimension and the hydrogen atom, angular momentum.

**Phys 3550f. Classical Mechanics I. **(4 cr; prereq 3050,
Math 3203 or #; 4 hrs lect; not offered 1997-98)

Kinematics and dynamics of a particle, oscillations, central-force
motion, systems of particles, rigid-body rotations, gravitation.

**Phys 3551w. Classical Mechanics II. **(4 cr; prereq 3550;
4 hrs lect; not offered 1997-98)

Non-inertial coordinate systems, mechanics of continuous media,
Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formulations, dynamics of rigid bodies,
theory of small vibrations, relativistic mechanics.

**Phys 3650f. Electromagnetism I. **(4 cr; prereq 3050, Math
3203 or #; 4 hrs lect; not offered 1998-99)

Vector calculus, electrostatics, Laplace and Poisson equations,
dielectrics, magnetostatics, magnetic properties of matter.

**Phys 3651w. Electromagnetism II. **(4 cr; prereq 3650; 4
hrs lect; not offered 1998-99)

Electromagnetic induction, Maxwell's equations, electrodynamics,
electromagnetic waves, radiation, relativistic formulation of
electrodynamics.

**Phys 3700. Selected Topics in Physics. **(1-5 cr; repeatable
when topic changes; prereq #; offered when feasible)

Treatment of topics not included in the regular curriculum. Topics
may include but need not be restricted to astrophysics, the history
of physics, laser physics, physics of fluids, physics of music,
plasma physics, superfluidity and superconductivity, solid state
physics, spectra of atoms and molecules.

**Phys 3710f. Advanced Laboratory. **(W; 3 cr; prereq jr standing;
6 hrs lab, 1 hr consultation with instructor)

Experimental investigation of physics problem of interest. Students
do literature search, submit a project proposal orally as well
as in writing, design and perform the experiment, and present
the results both orally and in writing.

**Phys 3950f, 3951w, 3952s. Directed Study.** (1-5 cr per qtr;
prereq #)

**Phys 3960Hf, 3961Hw, 3962Hs. Senior Honors Project. **(1-5
cr per qtr; prereq participation in Honors Program, #)

A substantial scholarly or creative work (at the undergraduate
level) within the discipline. Successful completion of the senior
honors project is one of the requirements for graduating from
UMM "with honors."